4 ways you can legally decrease your rent in Germany

Time has taken its toll on Berlin’s once famous affordable housing market. Like many other up and coming cities before (Paris in the 60’s, San Francisco in the 80’s, Brooklyn since the 90’s), the German capital’s attractive lifestyle has brought many newcomers wanting to have a piece of the pie too.

This has a triggered a sharp increase on the demand side in a city where landlords use to struggle to even find tenants ever since the end the beginning of the cold war. As result, rents have steadily been going up at rate that often goes faster than the average income. This is very concerning when in average, people spend 35% to 40% of their income on rent alone in Germany.

This impacts locals and expats alike but the good news are that there are ways to decrease your rent when the conditions are right. This takes a bit of courage and a bit of knowledge to pull off, but it is possible to fight back! Landlords will try to deny, to impress or to pressure you. However, the following ways to decrease your rent in Germany are perfectly legal. So put on your on best David suit, it’s time to fight again Goliath!

Disclaimer 1: In this post, i use landlords and Hausvewaltung interchangeably.
Disclaimer 2: You don’t live in Berlin? No problem! All the tips i’m writing about here are also applicable Germany wide (except point 4 which works mostly for bigger cities.).
Disclaimer 3: It’s a long read, but it’s worth it to save some €€€.

1 – Defects – Mängeln

We all want to live in a clean, comfortable and warm place. But an apartment or house is wearing down with time. It’s up to the landlord to make sure it’s still a fitting place to live for tenants. Some landlords are however adopting a more “laissez-faire” approach in order to maximize the money they receives from you.

The logic?  Less money invested in the up keep means a better return on investment for the landlord

However, the law (§§ 535 ff. BGB) clearly states that the landlord must maintain the place proper & defect-free. If any defects are notified by the tenant to the landlord (in writing), the landlord must take action to resolve the situation. You can also require the rent to be decreased until this has been solved.
Defects such as these ones qualify; damage resulting from humidity (like marks on walls or ceiling), mildew, bad air flow, malfunctioning heating or hot-water tank, clogged pipes, windows that let cold air in, undrinkable water supply.

Please note that before the law, these defects must durably impact your life negatively to qualify as well. Pro-tip: there is probably a “Kleine Reparaturen” clause in your contract that states that you should pay for minor repairs, albeit not beyond a certain amount per year (usually around 120€). Minor defects that can be solved on this “budget” don’t qualify to lower your rent in Germany.

Also things that concern your immediate surrounding in the building can be recognized as defects; malfunctioning lift, unusable cellar lot, unusable parking space, durable bad smells or loud noises from the neighbors (harder to prove).

You can find a full-list of defect that can lead to decrease your rent on here (in German)

2 – Renovations

Many of us have maybe moved into beautiful but rather old buildings. They eventually need to be pampered. When landlords do maintain and renovate the apartment or the building where you live, it can also be recognized as a nuisance to the tenant. Facade, staircase, roof renovations can for example mean that a scaffolding is set-up, noise is generated and dust is infiltrating your flat. This can be cause for rent reductions measure too, but only if you moved in before the renovations started without any knowledge that they would happen.

3 – Neighboring nuisance – construction site

The value of your place is also measured by its immediate environment. When this environment is being transformed and impacted negatively, you can also use this as a reason to decrease your rent in Germany. A new building is built across your bedroom window, a new tram line is going past your front door, urban heating pipes are being set-up; when your place is near a construction site and you moved in before it started, you can be entitled to negotiate with your landlord.

The same goes for other on-going noise nuisance like a near-by bar/club and their loud guests, a school and loud kids, a commercial center and their loud ingoing/outgoing delivery trucks.

Dancing funk during renovations also qualify ; ) (Source: Giphy.com)

4 – Mietpreisbremse – Rent control in Germany

You may not have heard of it before but since June 2015, a new law tries to fight against the overly fast increase of rent prices in major German cities. This rent control Germany has set up is preventing landlords to increase their prices too much compared to the official price indicator (Mietspiegel). Under certain conditions, it effectively makes a fair amount of contracts illegal, especially newer ones.

The trick is: it is up to tenants to enforce that law!

It’s your responsibility to take that contract from that file in the back of the drawer and confront with your landlord about this. Pretty scary right? It’s not easy to turn tables when landlords have the upper hand usually. However, be reassured; merely checking if your contract complies with the law is not a reason for your landlord to throw you out or anything. It is not a valid reason for contract termination. So it doesn’t hurt to check.

Some lawyers have specialized themselves in that and now even companies too. These companies will check your contract and negotiate with your landlord on your behalf at no costs at all.  They get to keep a cut of the reimbursed amount if the case is successful. If the case is not successful, then you don’t pay anything. Why not giving it a go then, especially since Berlin’s district court has recently ruled that it might be against the constitution, do it while it lasts!

 Do it while it lasts!

I think i have a shot at lowering my rent, how can i proceed?

Did these few words lift your spirit about the possibility of negotiating with your landlord? That’s perfectly understandable given the fact that for lot of us, rent is eating often more than half of our monthly budget. So how to actually proceed?

Try on your own

This option is obviously not the easiest one. You need good negotiation, legal and language skills to pull this off. It’s not impossible but might you do mistakes along the road as well. On top of it all, you need to have time to do it; we are often talking about efforts over several months. Also don’t forget; being coercitive with your landlord is stressful (especially if you meet some resistance., if you are not taken seriously, etc.)

If you are up for it, you can find templates on the Internet to help you caliber the shot. Some examples include:

The idea is that you download the templates and edit them to fit your situation with description of defects, or renovation works, etc. (Use at your own risk. I can’t be held liable for any wrong doings).

This is how the fight feels sometimes. Hold you ground, you can do it! 🙂 (Source Unsplash.com – James Pond)

Call a Mieterverein (a tenants’ association)

If you are already a member of a Mieterverein or plan to be, this is definitely part of their missions. They will have all the resources needed to challenge your landlord the right way with experienced legal assistance. It will cost you a membership fee and a little cooperation on your end to provide the right elements. If you don’t know where to start, you can always look for a local branch on this website.

Beware however, some tenants’ association will require you to commit to a membership; you cannot use their service as a one time thing.

Use a lawyer

Germans love their lawyers (and Steuerberaters too! :)). This is no exception for lowering your rent because of defects or applying rent control in Germany. Find a lawyer that have experience and authority in “Mietrecht” (tenancy law) to send a nice letter on your behalf. This is more costly than doing it yourself or using a Mieterverein, but it’s quite efficient because you buy the lawyer’s time to chase after your landlord.

The tricky part when hiring a lawyer is that you have to be sure that the amount you can save every month will pay off the bill he/she will send you when it’s all over. Worse even: if it doesn’t work out (and it sometimes does), you still have to pay.

Hire specialized companies.

As mentioned earlier, a lesser-known option is to have your contract checked by specialized companies which will handle all the negotiation at no cost for you, earning a fee only if you successfully win against your landlord. Part of what you saved is then ending in these companies’ pockets, as a payment. This is an interesting option that leaves little risk to you. One big plus is that they often offer their services completely in English.

It works a bit like companies like Flightright that obtain reparation in your behalf if your flight has been untimely cancelled or delayed within the E.U.

So what about that not so legal way you talked about?

**cough cough** did anyone say “squatting” ? **cough cough**. Just kidding; if you were thinking about doing that, just know that squatting is illegal in Germany.

So there we have it. Hope you found it informative.  Please note that i can’t be held liable for any mishaps due to information based on this post. It is only giving a broad scope, not replacing proper legal expertise. Good luck anyway. Don’t hesitate to share your experience in the comments if you ever tried one of these.

Source : 1, 2, 3, 4

You Might Also Like


  • Reply Richard 12/08/2020 at 22:25

    Hello! This article has been really useful.
    Are there any guidelines for the rent reduction amount in percentage?

    In my specific case, I have a huge construction site just out of my windows (bedroom and living room) that started last May and will end in 2022. It creates a lot of noise and dust from Monday to Saturday (7 am to 6 pm), and I cannot open the windows; considering the current temperatures and that I am working from home this is pretty bad. What would it be a proper reduction request?

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 17/08/2020 at 14:05

      Hey Richard. I don’t think there precise guidelines about this that i could direct you to. Maybe the best is to ask for rent reduction through a consulting lawyer, that know of the current jurisprudence for this type of case. But you are definitely entitled to rent reduction yes.

  • Reply John 13/07/2020 at 16:00

    Due to recent pandemic I been spending my time mostly at home.
    And learn the sounds really travels in the building I live in. When they stomp around, I can hear it clearly.
    I have told my neighbour I can hear them walking, dragging furniture and they said they will be more careful.
    But don’t think they realise how bad it is (they live on the top floor). What can I do? I am almost considering buying them a carpet as in the early morning or evening its driving me insane.

    Thank you

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 16/07/2020 at 10:09

      Hey John. I am not sure what your situation looks like, legally speaking. Trusting this source, it seems that normal everyday life noises can be not be used to reduce rent. Only extraordinary level of noise or behavior can be used. Check the source for more info.

  • Reply Alexandra 02/04/2020 at 22:33

    Hello, thank you for the great article!
    Do you know if it’s legal for the landlord to ask for a fee when rent isn’t paid in due time, in this case under 5 days? Does it change if the circumstances of the delay are not in the tenant’s control?
    Thank you and stay safe!

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 03/04/2020 at 21:03

      Hey Alexandra. If i understand this correctly, they can bill you payment reminders. “Mahnungen”. You would need to check what is in the contract.

  • Reply Thiago 20/02/2020 at 11:45

    Nice article. I have one question: Can I reduce the period notice once I had more than one problem in the apartment (from 3 months to 1 month)?

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 24/02/2020 at 17:57

      Hey Thiago. This is something i can’t really reply to without specifics, and even with more details, it might be a case by case thing. Better ask an expert to consult you for your situation.

  • Reply Sara 19/12/2019 at 11:56

    How much can someone request a rent reduction? Like up to which amount is reasonable to request?

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 30/12/2019 at 15:50

      Hey Sara. The simple and unfortunate answer is: “it depends”. It depends on your case, locations and current contract conditions.

  • Reply mark 26/07/2019 at 16:47

    Hi and thanks for your post

    Question: We lived in our apartment for 6 months, after that we got an extension for 3 months. During the extension they raised the rent 100 euro which we agreed. After the 3 month extension, they want us to sign a new lease which adds another 100 euro to the rent. Therefore in 6 months they raised the rent 200 euros which is more than 15%. Is this allowed?

    • Reply Mark 26/07/2019 at 16:48

      BTW our apartment is furnished, not sure if that makes a difference

      • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 29/07/2019 at 13:54

        Hey Mark. I’m not an expert in short term rentals like this. I would consult a professional. It may be possible since those are new contracts every time it seems. In all cases, it cannot be higher than the local average prices (Mietspiegel) if a Mietpreisbremse rule is in effect in your area.

  • Reply Jay 21/11/2018 at 21:16

    Thank you for a great article.

    I am suffering a heavy industrial renovation of few (maybe just below 10 of them) apartments in the same building since May and learnt that the work will take place till next spring at shortest. I get woken up at 7 am with incredible vibration and noise. Surely there is up and down as they are not doing all apartment at once.

    The problem is that I often work from home and it makes impossible as even with noise cancelling headphone the noise is quite heavy. Also the fact that I cannot make calls limits. I was hoping that this will be over soon.

    The problem is they do not put up a paper stating responsible person and contacts as well as schedule at the entrance of the building which I hear that is obligated by law. Also, they are not allowed to make noise between 12:00 – 15:00. None of those is respected and I am thinking of taking actions against this.

    Apology for a long post. You mentioned, “Hire specialized companies”. Could you please give us a few options. I live in Munich and it would be great if you know any that can work remotely or based also in Munich.

    Thank you.

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 24/11/2018 at 15:02

      Have you tried wenigermiete.de ?

  • Reply James 30/05/2018 at 11:43

    Hi, does this law apply to short-term rentals? We have a month-to-month rental, either party can terminate with one month’s notice. They did tell us before we agreed the contract that the building was going to be painted, and we said that’s fine. But I didn’t realise that huge scaffolding would cover the entire flat, with the ladders for the workers right outside our bedroom window, and they walk past all day, and that it would take this long – almost a month now and counting. I expect that we have no protection at all, and the best I can try is to negotiate something with the landlord, but it will be up to him. Thanks.

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 31/05/2018 at 16:16

      Hi James. Well, you’ve been let known about the painting works, so it’s not valid to use this as way to get out of the contract.

      • Reply James 31/05/2018 at 17:44

        Thanks for your reply. I don’t want to get out of the contract. Just wondering if the law entitles me to compensation. I suppose it is worth asking. The landlord can only say no.

  • Reply Jimena Bellido 12/05/2018 at 10:55

    Hi Bastien!
    My roommate stopped paying rent bc of the mold and roaches in our apartment. I suggested lowering the rent by 50EUR but he simply stopped paying. Now the landlord doesn’t want to give our deposit back 🙁 do you suggest I keep paying full rent due to all the mold that’s in our WG? Or simply cut the rent by 18%?

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 15/05/2018 at 21:44

      Hi Jimena. I am no lawyer so i can’t tell you what to do. As mentioned in the post, both options require that you have written proof you notified the landlord about this problem before. You can’t just stop paying from one day to the next.

  • Reply Gabriela 03/05/2018 at 14:33

    My boyfriend and I move in August 2017 to a new flat. We had been looking for an aparment and we took the first one we received a call. On September/Oktober the couple next door move out and almost inmediatly the began to renoved. I didn’t know about 2nd tip (Renovations) until a few days ago and came here looking for some answers. The aparment is almost finish, do you know if a can still do something?
    I did call my Mieter 3 months ago because I work from home and they work in the hours my contract said I couldn’t make noice because of Lunch hours. Their answer was that they couldn’t stop working because it would take to long.

    • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 03/05/2018 at 22:23

      Hi Gabriela. Cant be sure but this sounds like a situation that could qualify for a rent reduction, maybe even retroactively, after the consturciton is done. The landlord might try to avoid this though. The best might be to look for legal assistance if they refuse to listen to your request.

      • Reply Sj 27/05/2020 at 20:37

        Hi Bastien,
        Thank you for an amazing post.
        I’ve recently moved in a flat (just two days ago). The flat is rented out by a company and the landlord lives abroad. I signed a contract which ensures a cellar but after I came here I got to know that they don’t know which cellar belongs to my flat and it seems too hard to find it out for now for the company who rented the flat to me. After so many discussions, the guy from the company started arguing over that there are so many flats without cellar and the previous tenant never used one! He said he will try to find out but that can take months. I just want to know whether I can revise my rent if they fail to provide me a cellar?


        • Reply Bastien - Settle in Berlin 01/06/2020 at 10:14

          Hey SJ. You’d need to get in touch with a professional for a definitive answer but if they fail to come to terms with what is stated on the contract, there is certainly a way to decrease rent while they figure out this situation.

    Leave a Reply

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.